Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

Compass Plant (Silphium laciniatum)

Compass Plant (Silphium laciniatum)

Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)

Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)

Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans)

Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans)

Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)

Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)

Rattlesnake Master (Eryngium yuccifolium)

Rattlesnake Master (Eryngium yuccifolium)

Sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

Sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

Butterfly Garden

Butterflies, moths, bees and other beneficial insects have co-evolved with native plants and are dependent upon them for survival and reproduction. These relationships, in turn, support the food needs of our native bird populations much more efficiently than introduced ornamental species. Native plants provide nectar or foliage for food and shelter at all life stages in complex relationships that are not easily replaced. Listed below are plants that attract butterflies.

Alexanders, Golden (Zizia aurea)
Alumroot, Prairie
(Heuchera richardsonii)
Aster, Aromatic
(Symphyotrichum oblongifolium)
Aster, Big-leaved
(Eurybia macrophylla)
Aster, Flat-top
(Doellingeria umbellata)
Aster, Flax-leaved
(Ionactis linariifolius)
Aster, Heath
(Symphyotrichum ericoides)
Aster, New England
(Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)
Aster, Shining
(Symphyotrichum puniceus)
Aster, Short's
(Symphyotrichum shortii)
Aster, Side-flowering
(Symphyotrichum lateriflorum)
Aster, Silky 
(Symphyotrichum sericeum)
Aster, Sky-blue
(Symphyotrichum oolentangiense)
Aster, Smooth Blue
(Symphyotrichum laeve)
Beardtongue, Foxglove
(Penstemon digitalis)
Beardtongue, Hairy
(Penstemon hirsutus)
Beardtongue, Pale
(Penstemon pallidus)
Beardtongue, Smooth
(Penstemon calycosus)
Bellflower, Tall 
(Campanulastrum americanum)
Bergamot, Wild
(Monarda fistulosa)
Black-eyed Susan
(Rudbeckia hirta)
Black-eyed Susan, Showy
(Rudbeckia fulgida var. speciosa)
Black-eyed Susan, Sweet
(Rudbeckia subtomentosa)
Blazing Star, Cylindrical
(Liatris cylindracea)
Blazing Star, Marsh
(Liatris spicata)
Blazing Star, Prairie
(Liatris pycnostachya)
Blazing Star, Rough
(Liatris aspera)
Bluestem, Big
(Andropogon gerardii)
Bluestem, Little
(Schizachyrium scoparium)
Boneset, Common
(Eupatorium perfoliatum)
Boneset, False
(Brickellia eupatorioides)
Brown-eyed Susan
(Rudbeckia triloba)
Bush Clover, Round-headed
(Lespedeza capitata)
Bush Clover, Violet
(Lespedeza violacea)
Butterfly Weed
(Asclepias tuberosa)
Buttonbush
(Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Cardinal Flower
(Lobelia cardinalis)
Cinquefoil, Prairie
(Potentilla arguta)
Cinquefoil, Shrubby
(Potentilla fruticosa)
Columbine, Wild
(Aquilegia canadensis)
Compass Plant 
(Silphium laciniatum)
Coneflower, Gray-headed
(Ratibida pinnata)
Coneflower, Pale Purple
(Echinacea pallida)
Coneflower, Purple
(Echinacea purpurea)
Cord Grass, Prairie
(Spartina pectinata)
Coreopsis, Prairie
(Coreopsis palmata)
Coreopsis, Sand
(Coreopsis lanceolata)
Coreopsis, Tall
(Coreopsis tripteris)
Culver's Root
(Veronicastrum virginicum)
Cup Plant
(Silphium perfoliatum)
Elderberry
(Sambucus canadensis)
Flowering Spurge
(Euphorbia corollata)
Geranium, Wild (Geranium maculatum)
Goldenrod, Blue-stemmed
(Solidago caesia)
Goldenrod, Broad-leaved
(Solidago flexicaulis)
Goldenrod, Common Grass-leaved
(Euthamia graminifolia)
Goldenrod, Early
(Solidago juncea)
Goldenrod, Elm-leaved
(Solidago ulmifolia)
Goldenrod, Ohio
(Oligoneuron ohioensis)
Goldenrod, Old-field
(Solidago nemoralis)
Goldenrod, Prairie 
(Oligoneuron album)
Goldenrod, Riddell's
(Oligoneuron riddellii)
Goldenrod, Showy
(Solidago speciosa)
Goldenrod, Stiff
(Oligoneuron rigidum)
Goldenrod, Swamp
(Solidago patula)
Hemlock, Water
(Cicuta maculata)
Hyssop, Purple Giant
(Agastache scrophulariaefolia)
Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans)
Indigo Bush
(Amorpha fruticosa)
Indigo, Cream Wild False
(Baptisia leucophaea (bracteata var leucophaea))
Indigo, White Wild
(Baptisia leucantha)
Iris, Blueflag
(Iris virginica var. shrevei)
Ironweed, Common
(Vernonia fasciculata)
Jacob's Ladder 
(Polemonium reptans)
Joe Pye Weed, Purple
(Eupatorium (Eutrochium) purpureum)
Joe Pye Weed, Spotted
(Eupatoriadelphus maculatus)
Lead Plant
(Amorpha canescens)
Lily, Michigan
(Lilium michiganense)
Lobelia, Great Blue
(Lobelia siphilitica)
Loosestrife, Narrow-leaved
(Lysimachia quadriflora)
Loosestrife, Winged
(Lythrum alatum)
Mallow, Swamp
(Hibiscus moscheutos)
Meadow Rue, Purple
(Thalictrum dasycarpum)
Meadowsweet
(Spiraea alba)
Milkweed, Common
(Asclepias syriaca)
Milkweed, Swamp
(Asclepias incarnata)
Milkweed, Whorled
(Asclepias verticillata)
Mint, Common Mountain
(Pycnanthemum virginianum)
Mint, Horse
(Monarda punctata)
Mint, Ohio Horse
(Blephilia ciliata)
Mint, Wild
(Mentha arvensis)
Mint, Wood
(Blephilia hirsuta)
Monkey Flower
(Mimulus ringens)
New Jersey Tea 
(Ceanothus americanus)
Northern Bedstraw
(Galium boreale)
Obedient Plant
(Physostegia virginiana)
Obedient Plant (Physostegia virginiana ssp. virginiana)
Onion, Nodding Wild
(Allium cernuum)
Onion, Wild
(Allium canadense)
Parsnip, Heart-leaved Meadow
(Zizia aptera)
Petunia, Wild
(Ruellia humilis)
Phlox, Cleft
(Phlox bifida)
Phlox, Woodland
(Phlox divaricata)
Prairie Clover, Purple
(Dalea purpurea)
Prairie Clover, White
(Dalea candida)
Prairie Dock (Silphium terebinthinaceum)
Prairie Dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)
Quinine, Wild
(Parthenium integrifolium)
Rattlesnake Master
(Eryngium yuccifolium)
Rose, Early Wild
(Rosa blanda)
Rose, Illinois
(Rosa setigera)
Rose, Pasture
(Rosa carolina)
Rose, Swamp
(Rosa palustris)
Rosin Weed
(Silphium integrifolium)
Rush, Torrey's
(Juncus torreyi)
Sedge, Awned Graceful (Carex davisii)

Sedge, Bebb's Oval
(Carex bebbii)
Sedge, Bristly
(Carex comosa)
Sedge, Bristly Cattail (Carex frankii)

Sedge, Brown Fox
(Carex vulpinoidea)
Sedge, Common Lake
(Carex lacustris)
Sedge, Common Oak
(Carex pensylvanica)
Sedge, Common Wood
(Carex blanda)
Sedge, Copper-shouldered Oval
(Carex bicknellii)
Sedge, Crested Oval
(Carex cristatella)
Sedge, Crowfoot Fox (Carex crus-corvi)

Sedge, Fox (Carex stipata)
Sedge, Green-headed Fox (Carex conjuncta)
Sedge, Narrow-leaved Cattail (Carex squarrosa)

Sedge, Palm
(Carex muskingumensis)
Sedge, Riverbank (Carex emoryi)
Sedge, Short-headed Bracted (Carex cephalophora)

Sedge, Straight-styled Wood
(Carex radiata)
Sedge, Tussock 
(Carex stricta)
Senna, Wild
(Cassia (Senna) hebecarpa)
Snakeroot, White
(Ageratina altissima)
Sneezeweed
(Helenium autumnale)
Spiderwort, Common
(Tradescantia ohiensis)
St. Johnswort, Great
(Hypericum pyramidatum (ascyron))
St. Johnswort, Spotted
(Hypericum punctatum)
Starry Campion
(Silene stellata)
Steeplebush
(Spiraea tomentosa)
Stonecrop, Wild
(Sedum ternatum)
Sunflower, Downy
(Helianthus mollis)
Sunflower, False
(Heliopsis helianthoides)
Sunflower, Western
(Helianthus occidentalis)
Switch Grass
(Panicum virgatum)
Tick Trefoil, Illinois
(Desmodium illinoense)
Tick Trefoil, Showy
(Desmodium canadense)
Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
Two-flowered Cynthia
(Krigia biflora)
Vervain, Blue
(Verbena hastata)
Vervain, Hoary
(Verbena stricta)
Virginia Bluebells
(Mertensia virginica)
Virginia Waterleaf
(Hydrophyllum virginianum)
Virgin's Bower (Clematis virginiana)

Wild Golden Glow
(Rudbeckia laciniata)
Wild Rye, Virginia
(Elymus virginicus)
Wingstem
(Actinomeris alternifolia)